BACKGROUND: Actinomyces infection is well-documented in intrauterine devices but has not been previously associated with hysteroscopic sterilization using coil inserts. Additionally, abscesses associated with these implants have been observed in few cases.
CASE: A 31-year-old multiparous woman with a history of hysteroscopic sterilization with coil inserts 18 months previously presented with several weeks of pelvic pain. Despite percutaneous drainage of intra-abdominal abscesses, her pain and fevers persisted. Blood cultures were positive for Actinomyces infection, and exploratory laparotomy demonstrated abscesses at both coil sites.
CONCLUSION: When a causative organism cannot be identified or the when patient does not respond to standard antibiotic therapy, Actinomyces infection should be considered because prolonged antibiotic therapy is necessary.