OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the technical feasibility and anatomical and functional outcomes of one-stage vaginoplasty with autologous buccal micromucosa.
METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our experiences with 38 patients with vaginal agenesis treated with primary surgery from June 2006 to April 2012. All patients underwent transvestibular vaginoplasty with autologous buccal micromucosa. We describe the details of this technique and evaluate the long-term anatomical, functional, and sexual outcomes.
RESULTS: A total of 38 patients (33 with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome and five with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome) were included in the present study. The mean operative time was 86.4 minutes (range 75–120 minutes). The mean blood loss was 68.5 mL (range 40–80 mL). At a mean follow-up of 33.5 months (range 15–76 months), the mean depth of the neovagina was 8.5±0.66 cm (range 7–10 cm), the mean circumference was 12.3±1.24 cm (range 10–15 cm), and the mean volume was 100±8 mL (range 85–120 mL). By histologic examination, we found the neovaginal mucosa was stratified nonkeratinized squamous mucosa and had secretory function. The mean female sexual function index score of the 32 sexually active patients was 28.8±2.1. No spouse reported discomfort during intercourse. The mean postoperative dependence on the vaginal stent was 15±2.1 months (range 9–20 months).
CONCLUSION: Transvestibular vaginoplasty with autologous buccal micromucosa is an effective and feasible approach for patients with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome and complete androgen insensitivity syndrome. The procedure has satisfactory long-term anatomical and functional results.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III
With satisfactory long-term anatomical and functional results, vaginoplasty using autologous buccal micromucosa is an effective and feasible approach for women with vaginal agenesis.
10th Department, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical School, and the Department of Urology, Navy General Hospital of The People's Liberation Army, Beijing, China.
Corresponding author: Qiang Li, MD, 10th Department, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical School, No. 33, Ba-Da-Chu Road, Shi Jingshan District, Beijing 100144, China; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Fengyong-Li and Yan-sheng Xu contributed equally to this article.
Financial Disclosure The authors did not report any potential conflicts of interest.