Objective: To assess the results of screening an unselected general infertility population for diminished ovarian reserve with the clomiphene citrate challenge test.
Methods: Two hundred thirty-six couples were followed prospectively and studied for the relationship between clomiphene citrate challenge test screening and final diagnoses and long-term fertility rates.
Results: Abnormal clomiphene citrate challenge tests were found in two of 61 (3%) of the patients younger than 30 years, in five of 72 (7%) aged 30-34, in seven of 68 (10%) aged 35-39, and in nine of 35 (26%) aged 40 or older. An abnormal test predicted lower pregnancy rates; conception occurred in 92 of 213 (43%) of patients with normal results, but only two of 23 (9%) of patients with abnormal results (P < .004). Unexplained infertility (not considering the clomiphene citrate challenge test) was a common finding in patients with abnormal clomiphene citrate challenge test results (12 of 23). This incidence was significantly higher than that in patients with normal clomiphene citrate challenge test results (20 of 213) (P < .001).
Conclusions: Approximately 10% of the patients in the general infertility population had abnormal clomiphene citrate challenge tests. The incidence of abnormal results increases with age beginning in the early 30s, occurs with a higher frequency in patients who would otherwise be diagnosed with unexplained infertility, and prognosticates decreased long-term pregnancy rates. (Obstet Gynecol 1993; 82:539-44)
(C) 1993 The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists