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Obstetrics & Gynecology:
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Hysterectomy for Chronic Pelvic Pain of Presumed Uterine Etiology.

STOVALL, THOMAS G. MD; LING, FRANK W. MD; CRAWFORD, DONALD A. MD

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Abstract

This study evaluates the long-term outcome of 99 women who underwent hysterectomy for pelvic pain of at least 6 months' duration. All had symptoms and physical examination findings suggestive of disease confined to the uterus. Patients were excluded if there was previously documented extrauterine pelvic disease, extrauterine pelvic disease at the time of surgery, or uterine weight exceeding 200 g. Histopathologic analysis revealed leiomyomata in 12 (12.1%), adenomyosis in 20 (20.2%), and both leiomyomata and adenomyosis in two (2.02%). The average uterine weight was 91.1 g (range 24-198). Patients were followed after hysterectomy for an average of 21.6 months (range 15-64), with 77 of 99 (77.8%) showing significant improvement and 22 (22.2%) having persistent pelvic pain. Despite preoperative history and physical findings suggesting and histologic findings confirming uterine disease, nearly a quarter of the patients had persistent pelvic pain after hysterectomy for chronic pelvic pain. These findings should have a significant impact on the therapeutic choices recommended by gynecologists and may alter the informed consent that patients give in such cases. (Obstet Gynecol 75:676, 1990)

(C) 1990 The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

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