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Survey on Vision-related Quality of Life and Self-management Among Patients With Glaucoma

Wu, Peixia MSN*; Xi, Shuxin MSN*; Xia, Haiou PhD; Lu, Huijuan MSN; Guo, Wenyi PhD, MD

Journal of Glaucoma:
doi: 10.1097/IJG.0b013e318265bbf3
Original Studies
Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the vision-related quality of life in glaucoma patients and identify the possible predictors for outcomes.

Methods: A total sample of 167 subjects with glaucoma was recruited using a convenience sampling strategy. The National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25) and the Glaucoma Self-Management Questionnaire were used for assessing vision-related quality of life and self-management behavior, respectively. The demographic and disease-related data were also collected.

Results: Regarding the vision-related quality of life, the lowest scores were for general health (32.78±23.59), followed by general vision (46.35±19.52). The highest score was for the dimension of color vision (89.02±20.76). Multiple linear regression analysis demonstrated that self-management behavior, positive glaucoma family history, and binocular visual acuity were predictors of vision-related quality of life in this patient group.

Conclusions: The current study indicates that vision-related quality of life in glaucoma patients is at a moderate level in China. Self-management behavior is an important predictor. Demographic data may not increase the explanatory effect. Future research should focus on how to integrate self-management skills into routine nursing practice for patients with glaucoma.

Author Information

*Eye and ENT Hospital

School of Nursing, Fudan University

Ninth People’s Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, P.R. China

Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Reprints: Wenyi Guo, PhD, MD, Ninth People’s Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, P.R. China 200031 (e-mail: guo.eent@gmail.com).

Received November 29, 2011

Accepted June 12, 2012

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.