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Latino Acculturation and Periodontitis Status Among Mexican-Origin Adults in the United States: NHANES 2009-2012

Garcia, Dina PhD, MPH; Tarima, Sergey PhD; Glasman, Laura PhD; Cassidy, Laura D. PhD, MS; Meurer, John MD; Okunseri, Christopher BDS, MSc, FFDRCSI

doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000142
Original Articles

This study examined the association between Latino acculturation indicators (language and citizenship/nativity status) and periodontitis using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2012. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses were performed and all analyses were adjusted for the complex survey design. Results showed that 63.2% of participants had periodontitis: 9.4% mild, 37.9% moderate, and 16% severe. Language was significantly associated with periodontitis after adjusting for age, educational level, gender, usual source of care, flossing, smoking, and glycohemoglobin level (P = .02). Dental public and private health efforts should implement culturally tailored oral health promotion education efforts for this population.

Iowa Institute for Oral Health Research, The University of Iowa College of Dentistry, Iowa City (Dr Garcia); Institute for Health & Society, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee (Drs Tarima Cassidy, and Meurer); Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Center for AIDS Intervention Research Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee (Dr Glasman); and Department of Clinical Services, Marquette University School of Dentistry, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (Mr Okunseri).

Correspondence: Dina Garcia, PhD, MPH, The University of Iowa, College of Dentistry, Iowa Institute for Oral Health Research, N411 Dental Science Bldg, Iowa City, IA 52242 (dina-garcia@uiowa.edu).

This study was supported by grants from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (award numbers: F31 DE024945-01A1 and T90 DE023520-03).

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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