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Influences on Preschool Children's Physical Activity: Exploration Through Focus Groups

Hinkley, Trina BA (Hons); Salmon, Jo PhD; Okely, Anthony D. EdD; Crawford, David PhD; Hesketh, Kylie MD

Family & Community Health:
doi: 10.1097/FCH.0b013e31820590d6
Original Article
Abstract

This study explored mothers' perceptions of influences on preschoolers' physical activity. Six semistructured focus groups with 23 mothers were conducted across a range of socioeconomic position locations. Mothers identified 4 key areas of influence: child fundamentals (eg, sex, personality), parent power (eg, rules, support), people to share with (eg, peers, adults), and places and things (eg, physical environments, toys). No substantial differences in themes were identified among socioeconomic position groups. Influences on preschoolers' physical activity are multidimensional, multifactorial, and support the use of ecological models to conceptualize and understand the influencing factors. Associations among factors influencing preschoolers' physical activity should be further investigated through quantitative research.

Author Information

Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia (Ms Hinkley and Drs Salmon, Crawford, and Hesketh); and Interdisciplinary Educational Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia (Dr Okely).

Corresponding author: Trina Hinkley, BA (Hons), Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia (trina.hinkley@deakin.edu.au).

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