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Mindfulness Meditation, Anxiety Reduction, and Heart Disease: A Pilot Study

Tacón, Anna M. PhD; McComb, Jacalyn PhD; Caldera, Yvonne PhD; Randolph, Patrick PhD

Complementary and Alternative Therapies

Summary: Heart disease is the leading cause of death among Americans each year, yet the misperception still exists that cardiovascular disease is not a serious health problem for women. Evidence indicates that anxiety contributes to the development of heart disease. The primary purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of Kabat-Zinn's mindfulness-based stress reduction program to reduce anxiety in women with heart disease. Anxiety, emotional control, coping styles, and health locus of control were compared in a treatment and control group of women with heart disease. Post-intervention analyses provide initial support for beneficial effects of this program.

The Departments of Health, Exercise, and Sport Sciences, Texas Tech University. (Tacón, McComb)

The Departments of Human Development and Family Studies, Texas Tech University.(Caldera)

Private practice in Lubbock, Tex. (Randolph)

© 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.