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European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology:
doi: 10.1097/MEG.0000000000000076
Original Articles: Hepatitis

Treatment for chronic hepatitis C in a cohort of opiate substitution therapy recipients in three Swedish cities – completion rates and efficacy

Jerkeman, Annaa; Norkrans, Gunnard; Lidman, Christerf; Westin, Johand; Lagging, Martind; Frimand, Janb; Simonsberg, Christiane; Kakko, Johang; Widell, Andersc; Björkman, Pera

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Abstract

Objectives

Opiate substitution treatment (OST) programs could provide opportunities for management of comorbidities, such as hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, in people who inject drugs. We aimed to prospectively evaluate the real-life feasibility of interferon/ribavirin-based HCV treatment in OST recipients, with a special focus on psychiatric status and health-related quality of life.

Methods

Patients from a cohort of OST recipients from three cities in Sweden were selected for HCV treatment on the basis of structured investigation for HCV-related liver disease. Therapy was delivered in collaboration between infectious disease and OST clinics, with monitoring for completion and adherence, treatment response, adverse events, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) (SF-36) and signs of depression (MADRS-S), or relapse into drug abuse. The primary endpoint was completion of prescribed treatment; the secondary endpoints were sustained virological response (SVR), adherence, and incidence of depression.

Results

Among 69 patients with an indication for antiviral therapy, 41 initiated treatment; 34/41 (83%) completed treatment and 19/41 (46%) achieved SVR. Adequate adherence was observed in 29/41 patients (71%). Two serious adverse events occurred, including one death because of liver failure. Baseline scores for self-assessed health were low, with a significant reduction during treatment. Seventy-one percent of patients (29/41) fulfilled the criteria for clinically significant depression at some time point during treatment. Baseline scores for HRQoL/MADRS-S were associated with treatment completion, SVR, and depression during treatment.

Conclusion

Despite the low HRQoL and the high occurrence of depression, HCV treatment was feasible and showed satisfactory rates of completion in this cohort of unselected OST recipients.

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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