Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most serious health problems worldwide and thus it is important to assess health and economic impacts of preventative CRC screening strategies.
For this reason, a theoretical model based on Markov chains is proposed to compare these strategies: fecal occult blood test, capsule endoscopy, once-life and twice-life colonoscopy, and no screening. The model predicts the health state of a population of individuals aged from 50 to 75 years.
The numerical results show that the optimal timing for a once-lifetime colonoscopy screening method is before the age of 50 and that the twice-lifetime colonoscopy is the best screening strategy with respect to CRC incidence. In contrast, it is the most expensive one if the CRC treatment costs are not included. The model predicts that there is a minimal CRC incidence in the population when the second colonoscopy is appropriately timed. By using specific data, this age was found to be 59 years.
The screening strategies probably save expenses on the treatment of the population and at the same time decreases mortality. Optimized twice-lifetime colonoscopy seems to be the most efficient strategy with respect to mortality and overall costs including subsequent treatment.
aInstitute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine (IKEM)
bCzech Technical University in Prague – FEE, Prague, Czech Republic
Correspondence to Pavel Wohl, MD, Department of Hepatogastroenterology, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Vídeňská 1958, 140 21 Prague 4, Czech Republic Tel: +420 261 362139; fax: +420 261 362697; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received March 24, 2011
Accepted May 21, 2011