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European Journal of Emergency Medicine:
Case Reports

Six clinical cases of Mandragora autumnalis poisoning: diagnosis and treatment

Piccillo, Giovita A.a; Mondati, Enrico G.M.a; Moro, Paola A.b

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Abstract

A multiple case of Mandragora autumnalis poisoning is described. Mandragora autumnalis, a solanaceous plant that is common in the Sicilian countryside, contains a variable concentration of solanum alkaloids, which cause gastrointestinal irritation, and tropane alkaloids, which have anticholinergic properties and produce typical and sometimes severe atropine-like symptoms. Vital function support, decontamination, symptomatic treatment and, in severe cases, antidote therapy with physostigmine are useful to control acute poisoning.

© 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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