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Breastfeeding: a reproductive factor able to reduce the risk of luminal B breast cancer in premenopausal White women

Giudici, Fabiola; Scaggiante, Bruna; Scomersi, Serena; Bortul, Marina; Tonutti, Maura; Zanconati, Fabrizio

European Journal of Cancer Prevention: May 2017 - Volume 26 - Issue 3 - p 217–224
doi: 10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000220
Research Papers: Breast Cancer

In the medical literature, the role of breastfeeding and reproductive factors in the risk of breast carcinoma is still an open debate in premenopausal women. We highlight the role of breastfeeding and reproductive factors in luminal A and luminal B, the most frequent breast cancers. This case–control study analyzes a White premenopausal population of 286 breast cancer patients, divided into molecular subtypes, and 578 controls matched by age. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to assess the relationships of breastfeeding and other reproductive factors (age at menarche, parity, age at first pregnancy, number of children) with the risk of breast cancers. Among the variables examined, reproductive factors did not alter the risk of cancer, whereas breastfeeding up to 12 months was a significant protective factor against luminal B breast cancer (multivariate odds ratio: 0.22, 95% confidence interval: 0.09–0.59, P=0.002). In contrast, luminal A cases did not significantly correlate with breastfeeding or other reproductive factors. Breastfeeding up to 12 months is strongly protective against the more aggressive luminal B, but not against the less aggressive luminal A breast cancer in premenopausal White women.

Departments of aMedical, Surgical and Health Sciences

bLife Sciences, University of Trieste

cAcademic Hospital, Ospedali Riuniti, Trieste, Italy

* Fabiola Giudici and Bruna Scaggiante contributed equally to the writing of this article.

Correspondence to Bruna Scaggiante, PhD, Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste, Via Giorgeri, 1, 34127 Trieste, Italy Tel: +39 040 558 3686; fax: +39 040 558 3691; e-mail: bscaggiante@units.it

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.

Received September 30, 2015

Accepted January 9, 2016

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