Linking BRFSS and Air Quality Data, Impact of Air Pollutions to Health Behaviors

Balluz-S, L; Wen-Xiao, J

Epidemiology:
doi: 10.1097/01.ede.0000276431.84810.a5
ISEE 2007 CONFERENCE ABSTRACTS SUPPLEMENT: Abstracts
Author Information

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Article Outline

ISEE-108

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Objective:

To illustrate how BRFSS can be used in conjunction with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) air quality data.

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Material and Methods:

EPA air quality summary data were merged with BRFSS (2001–2003) at metropolitan area level. Statistic analyses were conducted to examine the correlation of PM2.5 air pollutions and several risk factors and health conditions.

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Results:

Ischemic heart attack (AOR = 1.6, 95% CI: 1.1–2.52), physical inactivity (AOR = 1.33, 95% CI: 1.68–1.97), and low quality of life (AOR = 1.3, 95% CI: 1.1–1.7) were found to be associated with outdoor ambient PM2.5 air pollutions.

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Conclusions:

Our study demonstrates an association of PM2.5 with selected risk behavior and chronic conditions. This approach can serve as a model for using other environmental data sources with BRFSS.

© 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.