Skip Navigation LinksHome > September 2011 - Volume 22 - Issue 5 > Does More Accurate Exposure Prediction Necessarily Improve H...
doi: 10.1097/EDE.0b013e3182254cc6
Air Pollution

Does More Accurate Exposure Prediction Necessarily Improve Health Effect Estimates?

Szpiro, Adam A.a; Paciorek, Christopher J.b,c; Sheppard, Liannea,d

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A unique challenge in air pollution cohort studies and similar applications in environmental epidemiology is that exposure is not measured directly at subjects' locations. Instead, pollution data from monitoring stations at some distance from the study subjects are used to predict exposures, and these predicted exposures are used to estimate the health effect parameter of interest. It is usually assumed that minimizing the error in predicting the true exposure will improve health effect estimation. We show in a simulation study that this is not always the case. We interpret our results in light of recently developed statistical theory for measurement error, and we discuss implications for the design and analysis of epidemiologic research.

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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