BY LISA HOFFMAN
Rounding out our look at gender differences among emergency physicians, we found less in the way of inequity than we expected. Most surprisingly, in fact, more women are in management positions, with 75 percent of them saying they have direct reports, compared with only 60 percent of men. That may be a function of numbers, however, seeing that male emergency physicians outnumber female EPs 3:1.
Male EPs also manage larger teams. Ten percent of men said their teams numbered 30 or more people while only seven percent of women reported the same. The average number of employees managed by all respondents was 6.5.
The age distribution among those responding to our salary survey was fairly universal between male and female EPs. The average age was 47.8 years for men and 44.9 years for women, with the overall age of all EPs in our survey at 47.1.
Similar to the age of respondents, male EPs have been practicing emergency medicine a little longer than female emergency physicians: 16.5 versus 13.1 years. The survey showed the majority of women — 23 percent — reported six to 10 years in practice while most men — 19 percent — reported 11 to 15 years in practice. For male and female emergency physicians alike, though, the number of years in practice drops off as they age, with only six percent of women and 13 percent of men reporting more than 30 years in practice.
Most of those surveyed self-identified as staff emergency physicians — 73 percent of men and 69 percent of women. But the survey found that more men reported that they were chiefs or directors of emergency medicine. Fourteen percent of male emergency physicians fell into that category, while only four percent of female emergency physicians reported those titles. The only title category in which men and women achieved some parity was as residency directors. One percent of female EPs and two percent of male EPs hold that position.
We didn't expect a major difference in gender by where emergency physicians work or how busy their EDs are, and we didn't find one. Male EPs outnumber their female counterparts 3:1, but no discernible difference in location of practice was seen. Most work in an urban or suburban setting. Specifically, 39 percent of women work in urban EDs and 43 percent in suburban ones. Forty-three percent of men work in urban EDs and 42 percent in suburban EDs. Seventeen percent of female emergency physicians and 15 percent of male EPs reported working in rural EDs, but no women work in remote EDs while one percent of men do.
Statistically, only a minimal difference was seen between the number of ED visits per year when looking at gender. The vast majority of emergency physicians — 70 percent of women and 73 percent of men — work in EDs that tally more than 30,000 patient visits a year. The remainder are scattered in EDs of various volumes, with the second largest group of eight percent of women and seven percent of men working in EDs with 26,000-30,000 visits per year.
Next Month: Board Certification. We'll cross-reference board certification with gender, age, years in practice, type of employer, and more in next month's salary survey article. We'll also publish that article ahead of print in our Sept. 20 enews. Sign up for the enews (free!) at http://emn.online/enewsSignup.