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The Development of Electroconvulsive Therapy in Japan

Takebayashi, Minoru MD, PhD

Journal of ECT:
doi: 10.1097/YCT.0b013e3181c18a79

The history of the practice and the guidelines of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in Japan is reviewed in this paper. Although the practice of ECT began in Japan at the same time as the discovery of ECT in the world, the diffusion and buildup of ECT practice did not progress in comparison with this treatment modality worldwide for a long time. Recently, the establishment of the Japanese ECT guidelines, which emphasize the administration of a modified ECT using a brief pulse device, has been underway. In 2009, the first ECT network meeting was held in Tokyo, which helped to stimulate the development of ECT practice and improve the guidelines for its use in Japan.

Author Information

From the Department of Psychiatry and Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Institute for Clinical Research, National Hospital Organization (NHO) Kure Medical Center, Kure, Hiroshima, Japan.

Received for publication August 4, 2009; accepted August 26, 2009.

Reprints: Minoru Takebayashi, MD, PhD, Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Institute for Clinical Research, NHO Kure Medical Center, 3-1 Aoyama, Kure, Hiroshima 737-0023, Japan (e-mail:

© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.