Factors Influencing Simultaneous Concentrations of Carbamazepine and Its Epoxide in Plasma.McKauge, L.; Tyrer, J. H.; Eadie, M. J.Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: 1981 Review: PDF Only Abstract Summary: Simultaneous steady-state plasma concentrations of carbamazepine and carbamazepine-10, 11-epoxide were measured by high performance liquid chromatography in 295 patients. Plasma carbamazepine epoxide correlated more closely with carbamazepine dose than did plasma levels of the drug itself. Plasma carbamazepine epoxide levels tended to be higher, relative to drug dose, in children than in adults, whereas age did not seem to influence the relationship between plasma carbamazepine level and drug dose. Simultaneous phenytoin intake lowered the plasma carbamazepine levels relative to drug dose but left plasma carbamazepine epoxide levels largely unaltered. However, simultaneous valproate intake was associated with raised plasma carbamazepine epoxide levels relative to carbamazepine dose, whereas plasma carbamazepine levels were unaltered. The amount of conversion of carbamazepine to its epoxide thus appears to vary in different circumstances in humans. (C) Lippincott-Raven Publishers.