The diagnosis of skin diseases relies on several clinical signs, among which color is of paramount importance. In this review, we consider certain clinical presentations of both eczematous and noneczematous contact dermatitis in which color plays a peculiar role orientating toward the right diagnosis. The conditions that will be discussed include specific clinical-morphologic subtypes of eczematous contact dermatitis, primary melanocytic, and nonmelanocytic contact hyperchromia, black dermographism, contact chemical leukoderma, and others. Based on the physical, chemical, and biologic factors underlying a healthy skin color, the various skin shades drawing a disease picture are thoroughly debated, stressing their etiopathogenic origins and histopathologic aspects.
From the Section of Dermatology, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, University of Bari, Italy.
Address reprint requests to requests to Domenico Bonamonte, MD, PhD, Section of Dermatology, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, University of Bari, Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, 70124, Bari, Italy. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to declare.