Complex enterovisceral fistulas are internal fistulas joining a “diseased” organ to any intra-abdominal “victim” organ, with the exception of ileoileal fistulas. Few publications have addressed laparoscopic surgery for complex fistulas in Crohn’s disease.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of such an approach.
This study is a retrospective, case-match review.
This study was conducted at a tertiary academic hospital.
All patients who underwent a laparoscopic ileocecal resection for complex enterovisceral fistulas between January 2004 and August 2011 were included. They were matched to a control group undergoing operation for nonfistulizing Crohn’s disease according to age, sex, nutritional state, preoperative use of steroids, and type of resection performed. Matching was performed blind to the peri- and postoperative results of each patient.
The 2 groups were compared in terms of operative time, conversion to open surgery, morbidity and mortality rates, and length of stay.
Eleven patients presenting with 13 complex fistulas were included and matched with 22 controls. Group 1 contained 5 ileosigmoid fistulas (38%), 3 ileotransverse fistulas (23%), 3 ileovesical fistulas (23%), 1 colocolic fistula (8%), and 1 ileosalpingeal fistula (8%). There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of operative time (120 (range, 75–270) vs 120 (range, 50–160) minutes, p = 0.65), conversion to open surgery (9% vs 0%, p = 0.33), stoma creation (9% vs 14%, p = 1), global postoperative morbidity (18% vs 32%, p = 0.68), and major complications (Dindo III: 0% vs 9%, p = 0.54; Dindo IV: 0% vs 0%, p = 1), as well as in terms of length of stay (8 (range, 7–32) vs 9 (range, 5–17) days, p = 0.72). No patients died.
This is a retrospective review with a small sample size.
A laparoscopic approach for complex fistulas is feasible in Crohn’s disease, with outcomes similar to those reported for nonfistulizing forms.
1 Department of Digestive Surgery, Hôpital Nord, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France
2 Department of Public Health, Hôpital la Timone, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Marseille, Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France
3 Department of Gastroenterology, Hôpital Nord, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Poster presentation at the meeting of the European Society of ColoProctology, Copenhagen, Denmark, September 21 to 24, 2011.
Correspondence: Laura Beyer-Berjot, M.D., Service de Chirurgie Digestive, Hôpital Nord, Chemin des Bourrely, 13015 Marseille, France. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org