Skip Navigation LinksHome > January 2013 - Volume 56 - Issue 1 > Impact of Postoperative Complications on Long-term Survival...
Diseases of the Colon & Rectum:
doi: 10.1097/DCR.0b013e31826f2672
Original Contribution: Colorectal/Anal Neoplasia

Impact of Postoperative Complications on Long-term Survival After Resection for Rectal Cancer

Mrak, Karl M.D., M.Sc.1; Eberl, Thomas M.D.1; Laske, Andreas M.D.1; Jagoditsch, Michael M.D.1; Fritz, Josef D.I.2; Tschmelitsch, Jörg M.D.1

Collapse Box

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The relevance of type and severity of postoperative complications after curative resection for rectal cancer on survival and recurrence rates is a matter of controversy.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of postoperative complications on long-term outcome after resection for rectal cancer.

DESIGN: This study is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data.

SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a university teaching hospital by a specialized colorectal team.

PATIENTS: Between January 1984 and October 2008, 811 patients with rectal cancer underwent curative resection. Patients who experienced postoperative complications were divided into a minor complication group (grades I and II) and a major complications group (grades III and IV) according to the Clavien classification.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The influence of several pathological and clinical factors, including complications in terms of overall and disease-free survival, was tested and compared in univariate and multivariate analyses.

RESULTS: Curative resection was performed in 811 patients; median age was 65 years. The Kaplan-Meier estimates (± SE) for 5- and 10-year overall cumulative survival were 70.3% ± 1.8% and 54.5% ± 2.4%; Kaplan-Meier estimates for 5- and 10-year disease-free survival were 64.0% ± 1.8% and 50.9% ± 2.3%. One hundred sixty-five patients (20.3%) had minor complications, and 103 patients (12.7%) had major complications. Twelve patients (1.48%) died within 30 days after surgery. There was no significant difference between patients with no complications, patients with minor complications, and patients with major complications in terms of overall (p = 0.41) or disease-free survival (p = 0.32).

LIMITATIONS: A possible limitation of our study is that the data represent a cohort study from a single center.

CONCLUSION: Following resection for rectal cancer, the severity of postoperative complications (minor or major) according to a standardized classification system does not demonstrate a statistically significant effect on either overall or disease-free survival.

© The ASCRS 2013

Login

Article Tools

Share

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.