BACKGROUND: Single-port laparoscopic surgery has been described for various colorectal conditions. Here, we report the first 4 single-port laparoscopic sigmoid colostomies for fecal diversion.
METHODS: A 1.5-cm-round incision was made on the skin at a previously marked colostomy site. A wound retractor was inserted and an access platform with four 5-mm trocars was attached to the wound retractor. The sigmoid colon was mobilized using electrocautery, laparoscopic scissors, or an advanced bipolar device. A standard Brooke colostomy was created through the initial skin incision.
RESULTS: Four elective single-port laparoscopic diverting colostomies were performed. Indications included obstructing colon and rectal cancers and intractable Crohn's proctitis. The average operative time was 73 minutes (range, 53–105), and blood loss was minimal (<50 mL). There were no intraoperative complications. Three of 4 patients received oral analgesia, and one patient received patient-controlled intravenous analgesia postoperatively. The average time to passage of flatus was 1 day. Diet was advanced either on the day of surgery or on postoperative day 1. The length of hospital stay ranged from 0 to 15 days.
CONCLUSION: Single-port laparoscopic sigmoid colostomy is an effective technique that allows full intra-abdominal visualization and colonic mobilization while eliminating the need for additional skin incisions other than the colostomy site itself.