Few studies on long-term quality of life after restorative proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis have been published. Most of them survey a mixed patient population of familial adenomatous polyposis and ulcerative colitis. The present study analyzes long-term results more than 10 years after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for patients with familial adenomatous polyposis, exclusively.
One hundred thirty-five patients who underwent ileal pouch-anal anastomosis more than 10 years ago were identified from the prospective familial adenomatous polyposis registry at Heidelberg University hospital. They received the German version of the health-specific Short Form 36 Health Survey and the disease-specific Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index by mail. To assess the impact of disease-specific factors, 10 questions asking for ability to work, current medication, pouchitis, and extracolonic manifestations of familial adenomatous polyposis were added to the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index questionnaire.
Among 84 patients who answered the questionnaires the median follow-up was 13.4 years (range, 10.3–23.8 y).The results of the Short Form 36 Health Survey were comparable to a German normative population in all dimensions, whereas the overall score for the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index was significantly reduced compared with healthy individuals (111.8 vs 120.8, P = .0014). Carcinoma at the time of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis, desmoid tumors, or duodenal adenomas had no significant influence on quality of life. More than 7 bowel movements during the daytime were found to reduce quality of life significantly (103.5 vs 115, P = .0127). More than 2 defecations per night diminished the score further (101 vs 125, P < .0001). Patients younger than 40 years at the time of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis had significantly better results than older patients (120 vs 109.5, P = .0076).
Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is a safe surgical procedure with a high quality of life comparable to that of a normative population after long-term follow-up of patients with familial adenomatous polyposis.
Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
Fincancial Disclosure: None reported.
Poster presentation at the meeting of the German Association of General Surgery, Munich, Germany, May 1 to 4, 2007.
Correspondence: Petra Ganschow, M.D., Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org