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Management of Recurrent Rectal Prolapse: Surgical Approach Influences Outcome

Steele, Scott R. M.D.; Goetz, Laura H. M.D.; Minami, Shigeki M.D.; Madoff, Robert D. M.D.; Mellgren, Anders F. M.D.; Parker, Susan C. M.D.
Diseases of the Colon & Rectum: April 2006
doi: 10.1007/s10350-005-0315-2
Management of Recurrent Rectal Prolapse: Surgical Approach Influences Outcome: PDF Only

Introduction: Introduction:Recurrent rectal prolapse is an unresolved problem and the optimal treatment is debated. This study was designed to review patterns of care and outcomes in a large cohort of patients after surgery for recurrent prolapse.

Methods: Methods:From 685 patients who underwent operative repair for full-thickness external rectal prolapse, we identified 78 patients (70 females; mean age, 66.9 years) who underwent surgery for recurrence. We reviewed the subsequent management and outcomes for these 78 patients.

Results: Results:Mean interval to their first recurrence was 33 (range, 1-168) months. There were significantly more re-recurrences after reoperation using a perineal procedure (19/51) compared with an abdominal procedure (4/27) for their recurrent rectal prolapse (P= 0.03) at a mean follow-up of nine (range, 1-82) months. Patients undergoing abdominal repair of recurrence were significantly younger than those who underwent perineal repair (mean age, 58.5vs. 71.5 years;P< 0.01); however, there was nosignificant difference between the two groups with regard to the American Society of Anesthesiologists classification (P= 0.89). Eighteen patients had surgery for a second recurrence, with perineal repairs associated with higher failure rates (50vs. 8 percent;P= 0.07). Finally, when combining all repairs, the abdominal approach continued to have significantly lower recurrence rates (39vs. 13 percent;P< 0.01).

Conclusions: Conclusions:The re-recurrence rate after surgery for recurrent rectal prolapse is high, even at a relatively short follow-up interval. Our data suggest that abdominal repair of recurrent rectal prolapse should be undertaken if the patient's risk profile permits this approach.

Read at the meeting of The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, April 30 to May 5, 2005.

E-mail: docsteele@hotmail.com

© The ASCRS 2006