PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess long-term outcome of Orr-Loygue rectopexy and Delorme's procedures in total rectal prolapse management.
METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively from 1978 to 2001. Statistical analysis was performed by chi-squared test and Student's t -test.
RESULTS: One hundred nine patients underwent either a Orr-Loygue rectopexy (49 patients) or a Delorme's procedure (60 patients). Mean follow-up was 88 (range, 1-300) months. In the rectopexy group, the overall complication rate and the recurrence rate were 33 percent and 4 percent, respectively. In patients with preoperative constipation, this symptom was improved or completely resolved in 33 percent and worsened in 58 percent postoperatively. Seventy-three percent of patients with preoperative incontinence were continent or had continence improvement postoperatively. In Delorme's group, overall complication and recurrence rates were 15 percent and 23 percent, respectively. Mortality was 7 percent. In patients with preoperative constipation, this symtom was improved or completely resolved in 54 percent and worsened in 12.5 percent of patients postoperatively. Forty-two percent of patients with preoperative incontinence were continent or had continence improvement postoperatively.
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, Orr-Loygue rectopexy had a lower long-term recurrence rate. However, this surgical procedure is associated with a higher complication rate. We believe that Delorme's procedure is still a valuable option in selected patients with postoperative minimal morbidity but higher recurrence rate.
(C) The ASCRS 2005