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Long-term results of anterior levatorplasty for fecal incontinence: A retrospective study.

österberg, A. M.D.; Graf, W. M.D., Ph.D.; Holmberg, A. M.D.; Påhlman, L. M.D., Ph.D.; Ljung, A. M.D.; Hakelius, L. M.D., Ph.D.
Diseases of the Colon & Rectum:
doi: 10.1007/BF02056948
Original Contributions: PDF Only
Abstract

PURPOSE: To review the long-term results of anterior levatorplasty for fecal incontinence.

METHODS: Fifty-four women with obstetric trauma and 31 with idiopathic incontinence responded to a questionnaire 1.5 to 18.5 (median, 8.5) years after anterior levatorplasty. Results were classified as excellent, good, fair, or poor.

RESULTS: An excellent or good result was reported in 40 of 54 (74 percent) patients with an obstetric injury and in 14 of 31 (45 percent) patients in the idiopathic group (P<0.01). The presence of a cloaca (P<0.05) and a young age (P <0.05) were associated with a favorable outcome in the obstetric and idiopathic group, respectively. Length of follow-up and preoperative severity of incontinence were not significantly related to outcome.

CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that every second patient undergoing anterior levatorplasty for fecal incontinence has a successful result that is sustained in the long term. Obstetric trauma, presence of a cloaca, and young age are associated with a successful outcome.

(C) The ASCRS 1996