: The importance of diagnosis and detection of liver metastases cannot be overemphasized for the treatment and prognosis of colorectal cancers. As a new diagnostic technique, operative ultrasonography has been performed during 33 operations for colorectal cancers including three operations for metachronous liver metastases. Of these, in five patients (15.2 percent) ultrasonography using 5- or 7.5-MHz instruments identified metastatic tumors that had not been diagnosed during preoperative imaging studies or at exploration. Most of these tumors were approximately 1 cm in size and nonpalpable. Cases of these five patients are presented in this report. High-resolution operative ultrasonography is considered to be a valuable method for detection of unrecognized metastatic tumors and for precise localization and spatial assessment of these hepatic lesions. Because it is safe, simple, and highly sensitive, the routine use of operative ultrasound is encouraged during surgery upon colorectal cancers for systematic screening of metastatic liver tumors.
(C) The ASCRS 1986