Skip Navigation LinksHome > November/December 2008 - Volume 27 - Issue 6 > Complications in Patients With Ventricular Assist Devices
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Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing:
doi: 10.1097/01.DCC.0000338867.24293.20
Clinical DIMENSION

Complications in Patients With Ventricular Assist Devices

Barnes, Katrina MSN, RN

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Abstract

Heart failure affects more than 5 million people in the United States. The treatments of this disease include medical therapy, heart transplantation, and the implantation of ventricular assist devices. These devices are used in patients who are no longer responsive to conservative medical treatment, who are not candidates for a heart transplantation (destination therapy), who are awaiting a heart transplantation (bridge to transplantation), and who have acute heart failure and whose myocardial function is expected to return to normal (bridge to recovery). Although this therapy improves the mortality and quality of life among patients with heart failure, the devices also carry risk of multiple complications. This article discusses the acute and long-term complications of ventricular assist devices.

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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