Skip Navigation LinksHome > April 2014 - Volume 33 - Issue 4 > Comparison of Tensile Strength of Slip Knots With That of 3-...
Cornea:
doi: 10.1097/ICO.0000000000000063
Basic Investigation

Comparison of Tensile Strength of Slip Knots With That of 3-1-1 Knots Using 10-0 Nylon Sutures

Lutchman, Carla R. MD, FRCSC*; Leung, Linus H. BASc, MASc; Moineddin, Rahim PhD; Chew, Hall F. MD, FRCSC*

Collapse Box

Abstract

Purpose:

The aim of this study was to compare the tensile strength of slip knots with that of 3-1-1 knots using 10-0 nylon sutures.

Methods:

In vitro, destructive materials testing was used. By adhering to the American Standard for Testing and Materials standards for testing of suture materials, slip knots were compared with 3-1-1 knots using 10-0 nylon suture material. Tensile testing was performed on each knot type using the Instron Microtester (Model 5848 Norwood, MA). Scanning electron microscopy was used to analyze all sutures tested to failure. The main outcome measure was the maximum load (newtons) or ultimate tensile strength before which each knot failed by breakage or by unraveling.

Results:

The mean force resulting in failure by breakage of the 3-1-1 knot and slip knot was 0.71 and 0.64 N, respectively (P = 0.048). The mean force resulting in failure by the unraveling of the 3-1-1 knot and slip knot was 0.48 and 0.37 N, respectively (P = 0.022).

Conclusions:

In 10-0 nylon sutures, the 3-1-1 knot has a statistically significant greater tensile strength than the slip knot has in conditions wherein they fail by either breakage or unraveling.

Copyright © 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Login

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.