Cornea

Skip Navigation LinksHome > October 2013 - Volume 32 - Issue 10 > Comparative Analysis of Refractive and Topographic Changes i...
Cornea:
doi: 10.1097/ICO.0b013e3182a02ddb
Clinical Science

Comparative Analysis of Refractive and Topographic Changes in Early and Advanced Keratoconic Eyes Undergoing Corneal Collagen Crosslinking

Arora, Ritu MD; Jain, Parul MS; Goyal, J. L. MD; Gupta, Deepa MS

Collapse Box

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the refractive and topographic changes at 1 year in eyes with early and advanced keratoconus undergoing corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL). A prospective, nonrandomized comparative clinical intervention study.

Methods: Thirty eyes of patients with keratoconus underwent CXL. They were divided into 2 groups based on their mean central keratometry: group A [mean central K ≤ 53 diopters (D)] and group B (mean central K > 53 D). Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), refraction, topography, pachymetry, and endothelial cell counts were evaluated at baseline and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months of follow-up.

Results: The mean baseline logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) UCVA and logMAR BCVA in group A was 1.007 ± 0.30 and 0.566 ± 0.21, respectively. The values improved to 0.727 ± 0.29 (P = 0.001) and 0.306 ± 0.15 (P = 0.001) at 1-year post CXL. The mean baseline logMAR UCVA and logMAR BCVA in group B were 1.040 ± 0.24 and 0.641 ± 0.25, respectively. It changed to 0.953 ± 0.26 (P = 0.054) and 0.633 ± 0.27 (P = 0.891) at 1 year. The improvement in the UCVA and BCVA was statistically significant in group A as compared with that in group B. The mean baseline flattest, steepest, central, and apical keratometry in group A were 48.7 ± 2.5 D, 54.9 ± 3.3 D, 49.5 ± 1.4 D, and 57.3 ± 2.3 D, respectively. At 12 months, the values changed to 47.8 ± 2.4 D, 54.1 ± 3.0 D, 48.8 ± 1.8 D, and 56.2 ± 2.7 D, the change being statistically significant for mean flat and apical K only (P < 0.05). All the 4 indices did not show any statistically significant difference at 12 months in group B (P > 0.05).

Conclusions: Corneal CXL is more effective in improving the refractive and topographical parameters at 1 year when it is performed early in the course of the disease.

© 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Login

Article Tools

Share

Article Level Metrics

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.