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Choice of Artificial Tear Formulation for Patients With Dry Eye: Where Do We Start?

Tong, Louis MBBS, FRCS, PhD*,†,‡,§; Petznick, Andrea Dipl-AO, PhD§; Lee, SzeYee BOptom§; Tan, Jeremy MBBS¶,‖

Cornea:
doi: 10.1097/ICO.0b013e318269cb99
Article
Abstract

Abstract: Dry eye is prevalent in many parts of the world. As a result, ophthalmologists and other health care professionals, such as optometrists and general practitioners, often help these patients manage their symptoms. The most common form of treatment for management of dry eye is over-the-counter tear lubricants. A number of tear lubricant formulations are available that vary by their mechanism of action. This article suggests simple guidelines on how lubricants can be selected for patients with mild to moderate dry eye. Side effects of lubricants, such as burning on instillation because of mismatches of eye drop with tear acidity, are also discussed.

Author Information

*Department of Cornea and External Eye Disease, Singapore National Eye Center, Singapore

Office of Clinical Sciences, Duke–National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, Singapore

Department of Ophthalmology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore

§Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore

Faith Medical Group, Singapore

Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Reprints: Louis Tong, Department of Cornea and External Eye Disease, Singapore National Eye Center, 11 Third Hospital Avenue, Singapore 168751 (e-mail: louis.tong.h.t@snec.com.sg).

The authors state that they have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.