Tics are common in children and often lead to only minimal disability. Tourette syndrome and more disabling tic disorders are rare in children. Therefore, most tic disorders will not progress to sufficient severity to require treatment. For those children who do require treatment, several options exist. The most effective medications are the neuroleptics, but these are often reserved for more severe or refractory cases due to the potential for permanently disabling side effects. This chapter discusses the diagnosis and treatment of tic disorders in children.
Continuum: Lifelong Learning Neurol 2007;13(1):139-153.