Purpose of review: The surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse continues to evolve. Recent advancements in techniques and materials have increased the available treatments for pelvic organ prolapse. A current understanding of the benefits and limitations offered by recently introduced materials and techniques is essential to their proper application.
Recent findings: Current surgical therapies for prolapse now include augmentation with synthetic mesh, which may also be utilized as part of a ‘kit’. In addition, both laparoscopic and robot-assisted techniques have been developed to address apical vaginal prolapse. Both the use of synthetic mesh and laparoscopic and robotic techniques should continue to be subjected to appropriate scrutiny to assess their long-term success and complications.
Summary: While the introduction of novel approaches to pelvic organ prolapse provide further options when considering appropriate therapy, the application of these materials and techniques should be examined with scientific rigor and should demonstrate both a significant benefit and low morbidity prior to widespread adoption. With continued research, we hopefully will be able to identify the ideal approaches and repairs to achieve optimal patient outcomes.