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Current Opinion in Psychiatry:
doi: 10.1097/YCO.0000000000000043
Edited by Richard Williams and Philip Hazell

A review of evidence-based early intervention for behavioural problems in children with autism spectrum disorder: the core components of effective programs, child-focused interventions and comprehensive treatment models

Tonge, Bruce J.; Bull, Kerry; Brereton, Avril; Wilson, Rebecca

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Abstract

Purpose of review: This article reviews recent evidence and other earlier relevant articles regarding early intervention studies for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Recent findings: There is a well-established body of empirical evidence for the effectiveness of Early Intensive Behavioural Intervention (EIBI) with young children with ASD. The importance of parent skills training, education and positive behaviour support is also a key factor in influencing outcomes. Drug treatment is of short-term benefit for disruptive behaviour but long-term outcome and metabolic side-effects have not been studied.

Summary: Few studies have measured the long-term value and effectiveness of early intervention treatments, and currently there are no articles published on effects into adulthood of such treatments. Such research would indicate whether early intervention results in reduced reliance on health services into adulthood.

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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