Personality disorders: new data versus old conceptsFountoulakis, Konstantinos N; Kaprinis, George SCurrent Opinion in Psychiatry: January 2006 - Volume 19 - Issue 1 - p 90–94 Personality disorders and neuroses Abstract Author Information Purpose of review: The purpose of this paper is to review the most recent literature on personality disorders. Recent findings: Recent data suggest that individual personality disorder criteria and full diagnosis may remit within 1–2 years. The same line of evidence disputes the separation of axis I and axis II disorders and suggests the presence of a continuum. Neuropsychological, neurobiological and genetic studies favor the presence of cognitive disorders and a non-specific mode of hereditability concerning all externalizing disorders. How to best treat personality disorders remains elusive. The most impressive news in the forensic field concerns the introduction of a new concept, dangerous and severe personality disorder by the UK government, for prevention and treatment purposes. Summary: The most recent data do not adequately support a separate axis II. Future classification may need to move personality disorders to axis I, each under a suitable group of diseases and eliminate the very term ‘personality’ from the nomenclature, since it constitutes an empirically unsupported theoretical invasion in a system supposed to be ‘atheoretical’. Department of Psychiatry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece Correspondence to Konstantinos N. Fountoulakis, 53 Chrysostomou Smyrnis Street, 55132 Aretsou, Thessaloniki, Greece Tel: +30 2310 435702; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.