Current research in social phobia is focused on a number of areas of continuing uncertainty: aetiology and risk factors for the disorder, neurobiology, burden of disease, co-morbidity and the nature of co-morbid associations, the relevance of subtyping, cognitive factors, comparative treatment studies, predictors of treatment outcome, and the identification of factors that might allow better treatment matching to the individual. The recent literature pertaining to a number of these areas is reviewed.
Correspondence to Lisa A. Lampe, School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, 299 Forbes Street, Darlinghurst, NSW 2010, Australia. Tel: +61 2 9332 1013; fax: +61 2 9332 4316; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abbreviations ADHD: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder APD: avoidant personality disorder CBGT: cognitive-behavioural group therapy CBT: cognitive-behavioural therapy DSM: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders GSP: generalized social phobia SSRI: selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors