One of the aims of research on well-being is to discover the factors that either increase or decrease well-being, in both young and old people. Many factors have been studied in relation to well-being, but only some have been found to be associated with it. These factors are demographic (age, sex, culture, marital status), social (socioeconomic status, having children, religion, social contacts) or are related to personality, life events, health, and activities. However, some of these factors have a stronger association than others. This article gives a brief review of this research with special focus on the elderly.
aMedicine Sector, Stockholm Gerontology Research Center, and bDivision of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Occupational Therapy, and Elderly Care Research, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; and cHM Queen Sophia University College of Nursing, Stockholm, Sweden
Correspondence to Pernilla Hillerås, RN, PhD, Stockholm Gerontology Research Centre, Box 6401, 113 82 Stockholm, Sweden. Tel: +46 8 690 5848; fax: +46 8 335275
Abbreviations NA: negative affect PA: positive affect