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Vaccine safety: current systems and recent findings

Wharton, Melinda

doi: 10.1097/MOP.0b013e3283350425
Infectious diseases and immunization: Edited by Robert S. Baltimore and Hal B. Jenson

Purpose of review: An understanding of vaccine safety is important for all immunization providers, who have responsibilities to identify, report, and prevent adverse events.

Recent findings: New analytic methods can provide more rapid information on adverse events compared with traditional observational studies. Some adverse events following vaccination are preventable. Syncope is increasingly recognized postvaccination and may be associated with severe injury or death. Both human and system factors should be addressed to prevent vaccine administration errors. Ongoing basic science and clinical research is critical to improved understanding of vaccine safety. A recent study suggests that many cases of encephalopathy following whole-cell pertussis vaccine were due to severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy, a severe seizure disorder associated with mutations of the sodium channel gene SCN1A.

Summary: Vaccine safety requires prelicensure evaluation, postlicensure surveillance and investigation, addressing preventable adverse events, reconsideration of vaccine policy as understanding of risks and benefits changes, and ongoing research to better understand the response to vaccination and the pathogenesis of adverse events.

National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Correspondence to Melinda Wharton, MD, MPH, Deputy Director, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Mailstop E05, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA Tel: +1 404 639 8206; e-mail: mew2@cdc.gov

© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.