Purpose of review
Alloplasts have long been used in rhinoplasty, but their use remains controversial. Many complications are associated with their implementation in rhinoplasty. This article elucidates these complications and provides recommendations for management.
Several recent articles have been published presenting experience and outcomes regarding alloplast use in rhinoplasty. In many of these studies, a specific section has been dedicated to outlining the complications encountered by the authors. Oftentimes, a short summary of the complications and their management is provided. By examining the data from these studies, one can conclude several things about the management of complications involving alloplastic implants in rhinoplasty: each case must be approached on an individual basis; clinical decision-making is dictated by physical exam findings and severity of the complication; removal of the implant must be strongly considered; and revision rhinoplasty after an alloplastic complication usually necessitates an autologous graft.
Alloplasts continue to be a controversial option in rhinoplasty. The surgeon must be cognizant of the risks and benefits of their use. A frank preoperative discussion of possible complications with the patient is important. Additionally, prompt recognition and appropriate management of complications is essential to minimize permanent sequelae.