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Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head & Neck Surgery:
doi: 10.1097/MOO.0b013e32836118aa
SPEECH THERAPY AND REHABILITATION: Edited by H. Fiona Robinson

Practice of laryngectomy rehabilitation interventions: a perspective from Australia

Krishnan, Surena,b; Maclean, Juliac

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Abstract

Purpose of review

To provide a perspective of contemporary practice in rehabilitation of speech and swallowing in patients undergoing total laryngectomy in Australia.

Recent findings

In Australia, the preferred method of voice rehabilitation is by the use of tracheo-oesophageal voice prosthesis. Dysphagia is an ongoing problem and the use of adjuvant radiation and chemotherapy compounds this problem. There are difficulties associated with surgery because of the variation in disease involvement of pharyngeal mucosa and musculature, as well as difficulties associated with healing in previously chemoradiated surgical fields.

Summary

This article demonstrates the need for careful consideration of surgical technique, particularly in closure of the neopharynx in the chemoradiated patient. It encourages further research into the problems of speech and particularly swallowing in this patient population, as these problems impact significantly on the quality of life.

© 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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