Purpose of review: Pediatric cough is a common complaint in 35% of preschool children and 9% of 7–11-year-olds. The cause of the cough is often elusive. This review article presents a framework from which to approach the pediatric patient with chronic cough.
Recent findings: The cause of cough in the pediatric patient is often allergy, postnasal drip, asthma, or infection. The existence of cough-variant asthma has been brought into question and evidence is detailed in this article.
Summary: The treatment of chronic cough in a pediatric population should be approached from a multidisciplinary team consisting of pulmonologists, gastroenterologists, allergists, immunologists and otolaryngologists. Once a specific diagnosis is determined, treatment should be specific to that diagnosis.
aMillcreek Community Hospital, USA
bUniversity of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
cAllergy and Asthma Associates of NW PA, USA
Correspondence to Jack B. Anon, MD, Clinical Professor Department of Otolaryngology, 3580 Peach Street, Erie, Pittsburgh, PA 16508, USA Tel: +1 814 864 9994; fax: +1 814 864 1909; e-mail: email@example.com