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Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology:
doi: 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000105
UROGYNECOLOGY: Edited by Narender Bhatia

Role of apical support defect: correction in women undergoing vaginal prolapse surgery

Alas, Alexandriah N.a; Anger, Jennifer T.b

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Abstract

Purpose of review

The aim was to review most recent literature and provide updates in clinical management and surgical treatment of apical pelvic organ prolapse.

Recent findings

In patients who decline surgical intervention, formal referral to pelvic floor muscle training is beneficial over self-directed Kegel exercises. Systematic reviews revealed that sacrocolpopexy has better long-term outcomes than vaginal approaches. Uterosacral ligament suspension and sacrospinous ligament suspension have equal efficacy at 1 year. These procedures should be considered as acceptable alternatives to sacrocolpopexy. Two randomized controlled trials have demonstrated equal efficacy between robotic and laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy.

Summary

Minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy should be considered the gold standard for apical prolapse, but these techniques are associated with longer operating times and higher complication rates and longer convalescence than nonmesh vaginal surgery. Surgeons must individualize surgical technique for each patient and should consider a vaginal approach in patients who do not desire laparotomy and are not candidates for minimally invasive surgery.

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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