Skip Navigation LinksHome > June 2014 - Volume 26 - Issue 3 > Vitamin D and female fertility
Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology:
doi: 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000065
FERTILITY: Edited by Aydin Arici

Vitamin D and female fertility

Lerchbaum, Elisabetha,b; Rabe, Thomasb

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Abstract

Purpose of review

Apart from the well known effects of vitamin D on maintaining calcium homeostasis and promoting bone mineralization, there is some evidence suggesting that vitamin D also modulates human reproductive processes. We will review the most interesting and relevant studies on vitamin D and female fertility published over the past year.

Recent findings

In the past year, several observational studies reported a better in-vitro fertilization outcome in women with sufficient vitamin D levels (≥30 ng/ml), which was mainly attributed to vitamin D effects on the endometrium. One randomized controlled trial found an increased endometrial thickness in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) receiving vitamin D during intrauterine insemination cycles. Further, vitamin D supplementation had a beneficial effect on serum lipids in PCOS women. Vitamin D treatment improved endometriosis in a rat model and increased vitamin D intake was related to a decreased risk of incident endometriosis. Vitamin D was also favorably associated with primary dysmenorrhea, uterine leiomyoma, and ovarian reserve in late reproductive aged women.

Summary

In women undergoing in-vitro fertilization, a sufficient vitamin D level (≥30 ng/ml) should be obtained. Vitamin D supplementation might improve metabolic parameters in women with PCOS. A high vitamin D intake might be protective against endometriosis.

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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