To detail the recent advances in the use of computer-enhanced robotic technology to surgically treat urinary tract endometriosis.
Few studies have been published in this field. The studies are severely limited in scope. Further study is warranted.
Robotic-assisted laparoscopic techniques have proven useful in the treatment of extensive endometriosis and may prove useful in the treatment of urinary tract endometriosis.
aThe Center for Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery, Stanford Medical Center, Palo Alto, California
bDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
cThe Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Correspondence to Camran Nezhat, MD, The Center for Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 900 Welsh Road, Suite 403, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA. Tel: +1 650 320 8778; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org