Purpose of review: Deciding on an optimal therapy for mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) is challenging, as a single-treatment modality may be inadequate for alleviating both the urge and stress component. A MEDLINE search was conducted regarding English-language literature pertaining to the treatment for MUI focusing on literature within the last 18 months.
Recent findings: Behavioral therapy and lifestyle modification, such as moderate weight loss and caffeine reduction, should be considered first-line options for all women with MUI. The addition of pelvic floor muscle therapy may have an additional salutary effect. Treatment of the urge component with antimuscarinics is effective; however, the stress component is likely to persist after therapy. Treatment with vaginal estrogen cream may help in the short-term, but long-term benefits are unknown. Anti-incontinence surgery may have a positive impact on both the stress and urge components of MUI; however, it appears that women with MUI may have lower cure rates compared to women with pure stress urinary incontinence.
Summary: The optimum treatment of MUI may often require multiple treatment modalities. Although surgery may often have a positive impact on both components, its routine implementation should be approached with caution and patients should be carefully selected and counseled.