Purpose of review: With aging populations, primary pelvic organ and recurrent pelvic organ prolapse have become a large-scale public health concern. Surgical options for patients include both abdominal and vaginal approaches, each with its own safety and efficacy profiles. This review summarizes the most recent anatomic, surgical and outcome data for uterosacral ligament vault suspension. It offers data on methods to avoid complications and difficult surgical scenarios.
Recent findings: Uterosacral ligament suspension allows reattachment of the vaginal vault high within the pelvis. New modifications in technique including the extraperitoneal and laparoscopic approaches allow surgeons more freedom when planning surgery. Five-year data on the durability of the procedure make it a viable surgical option.
Summary: As a technique widely used by many pelvic reconstructive surgeons, uterosacral ligament vault suspension provides a safe, anatomically correct and durable approach to uterine and vault prolapse. It requires advanced surgical training and an intimate understanding of pelvic anatomy to avoid and identify ureteral injury.