Skip Navigation LinksHome > June 2014 - Volume 27 - Issue 3 > Detecting specific infections in children through host respo...
Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases:
doi: 10.1097/QCO.0000000000000065
PAEDIATRIC AND NEONATAL INFECTIONS: Edited by Paul T. Heath

Detecting specific infections in children through host responses: a paradigm shift

Mejias, Asuncion; Suarez, Nicolas M.; Ramilo, Octavio

Collapse Box

Abstract

Purpose of review

There is a need for improved diagnosis and for optimal classification of patients with infectious diseases. An alternative approach to the pathogen-detection strategy is based on a comprehensive analysis of the host response to the infection. This review focuses on the value of transcriptome analyses of blood leukocytes for the diagnosis and management of patients with infectious diseases.

Recent findings

Initial studies showed that RNA from blood leukocytes of children with acute viral and bacterial infections carried pathogen-specific transcriptional signatures. Subsequently, transcriptional signatures for several other infections have been described and validated in humans with malaria, dengue, salmonella, melioidosis, respiratory syncytial virus, influenza, tuberculosis, and HIV. In addition, transcriptome analyses represent an invaluable tool to understand disease pathogenesis and to objectively classify patients according to the clinical severity.

Summary

Microarray studies have been shown to be highly reproducible using different platforms, and in different patient populations, confirming the value of blood transcriptome analyses to study pathogen-specific host immune responses in the clinical setting. Combining the detection of the pathogen with a comprehensive assessment of the host immune response will provide a new understanding of the correlations between specific causative agents, the host response, and the clinical manifestations of the disease.

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Login

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.