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Editorial introductions

Section Editor(s): Calder, Philip C.; Deckelbaum, Richard J.; Mechanick, Jeffrey I.; Berger, Mette M.

Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care: March 2014 - Volume 17 - Issue 2 - p v–vii
doi: 10.1097/MCO.0000000000000035
Editorial introductions

Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care was launched in 1998. It is one of a successful series of review journals whose unique format is designed to provide a systematic and critical assessment of the literature as presented in the many primary journals. The fields of clinical nutrition and metabolic care are divided into 15 sections that are reviewed once a year. Each section is assigned a Section Editor, a leading authority in the area, who identifies the most important topics at that time. Here we are pleased to introduce the Section Editors for this issue.

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Philip C. Calder

Philip C. Calder is Professor of Nutritional Immunology at the University of Southampton, UK. He has a first class honours degree in biochemistry from Massey University, New Zealand, a PhD in biochemistry from the University of Auckland, New Zealand, and a DPhil in biochemistry from the University of Oxford, UK. He held a Nuffield Medical Fellowship in the Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford from 1987 to 1991. Professor Calder has been studying the influence of dietary fatty acids on aspects on cell function and human health, in particular in relation to cardiovascular disease, inflammation and immunity, since 1987. In 1995 he was awarded the Sir David Cuthbertson Medal by the UK Nutrition Society for this work and he has been awarded the Belgian Danone Institute Chair for 2004, the Nutricia International Award for 2007, the ESPEN Cuthbertson Lecture for 2008, and the Muriel Bell Award for 2009. Professor Calder served as an elected member of the Council of the UK Nutrition Society and he served on the Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism Group, Programmes and Publications Committees of that Society. Professor Calder was a founder member of the Nutritional Immunology Group of the British Society of Immunology and served as the Meetings Secretary of the Group. He served on the Council and on the Programmes and Science & Research Committees of the British Association for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (BAPEN) and on the Scientific Committee of the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN). He currently serves on the Council of the British Nutrition Foundation. Professor Calder is President of the International Society for the Study of Fatty Acids and Lipids (ISSFAL). He is Editor-in-Chief of the British Journal of Nutrition and an Associate Editor of Clinical Science, of Lipids, and of Nutrition Research. He is a member of the Editorial Boards of Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, Annual Review of Nutrition, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta Molecular & Cell Biology of Lipids, Clinical Nutrition, Current Nutrition and Food Science, European Journal of Nutrition, Nutrition, and Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids. He was formerly on the Editorial Boards of International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology and of Journal of Nutrition. He is co-editor of the “Lipid Metabolism and Therapy” section of Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care. He was founding Editor-in-Chief of the Frontiers in Nutritional Science series of books. Professor Calder has contributed to several (UK) Food Standards Agency workshops and he chaired the workshop on “Carbohydrates and Cardiovascular Risk” in 2008. Professor Calder served on the British Nutrition Foundation's Task Force on “Adverse Reactions to Foods” and on ILSI Europe's “Gut Health and Immunity” PASSCLAIM Expert Group. He chaired the ILSI Europe Workshops on “Markers to Assess the Impact of Nutrition on Immune Function in Man” (2004) and on “The Impact of Nutrition on Inflammation” (2006) and he was overall chair of the 6th Congress of ISSFAL (2004). He currently chairs the ILSI Europe Expert Groups on “Nutrition and Chronic Low Grade Inflammation” and “Biomarkers of Inflammation”. Professor Calder has given over 160 plenary, special, guest or invited lectures at national or international congresses, workshops and symposia. He has over 360 scientific publications, and his work has been cited over 9600 times. He is listed on isiHighlyCited.

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Richard J. Deckelbaum

Dr Deckelbaum joined Columbia University in 1986 after training in medicine at McGill University. For 10 years he served as an Associate Professor of Pediatrics at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He was appointed as the Director of the Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition in the Department of Pediatrics and in 1992 he became Director of the Institute of Human Nutrition. Subsequently, he was appointed as Robert R. Williams Professor of Nutrition. Dr Deckelbaum created and promoted a combined medical school program in international health at Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel, in collaboration with Columbia University Medical Center, the Medical School for International Health. Dr Deckelbaum has a long professional involvement in basic research in the cell biology of lipids and issues of human nutrition with emphasis on the pediatric population. Dr Deckelbaum's research programs have been supported by the National Institutes of Health, the US Agency for International Development, and industry. His primary interests concern human plasma, lipoproteins, the metabolism of intravenous lipid emulsions, and the cellular and gene regulatory effects of dietary fats and different types of fatty acids. His recent research has emphasized molecular mechanisms whereby omega-3 fatty acids can prevent cardiovascular disease. His work has led to basic understanding of mechanisms whereby human lipoproteins are structurally remodeled in the plasma compartment, and factors modulation receptor-lipoprotein interactions. He has published more than 300 peer-reviewed articles, reviews and book chapters on the role of basic pathways of cell lipid metabolism and children's nutrition in heart disease. He has chaired two American Heart Association's task forces as well as the March of Dimes Task Force on “Nutrition and Optimal Human Development.” In addition, he has served on a number of a number of national and international advisory boards and committees which have provided recommendations for better nutrition practices. Recently, he was appointed to the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine, National Academies of Science.

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Jeffrey I. Mechanick

Dr Mechanick is Clinical Professor of Medicine and Director of Metabolic Support in the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone Disease, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, USA. He received his MD degree from Mount Sinai School of Medicine, completed Internal Medicine residency at Baylor College of Medicine, USA and completed Endocrine Fellowship at Mount Sinai. Dr Mechanick has authored over 200 publications in endocrinology, metabolism, and nutrition support. He is Past President of the American Board of Physician Nutrition Specialists and currently President-Elect of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. He is Section Editor for Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care and Current Opinion in Endocrinology and Diabetes. Dr Mechanick co-edited Nutritional Strategies for the Diabetic and Prediabetic Patient; Power of Prevention: The Complete Guide to Lifelong Nutrition; Thyroid Cancer: From Emergent Biotechnology to Clinical Practice Guidelines; and co-authored Diabetes Mellitus Pocket. Dr Mechanick has been appointed a member of the President's Council on Fitness, Sports and Nutrition Science Board and co-editor of the PCFSN Research Digest. Dr Mechanick chairs the International Transcultural Diabetes Nutrition Algorithm Working Group. Dr Mechanick's research interests range from predictive modeling in critical illness, to thyroid cancer, metabolic bone disease, diabetes, and nutrition. Dr Mechanick is responsible for training endocrine fellows at Mount Sinai in nutrition and metabolic support. Dr Mechanick is in private practice in endocrinology and metabolic support in New York City.

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Mette M. Berger

Professor Berger is a staff intensivist of the Adult ICU at CHUV, Switzerland, and specializes in burns resuscitation in nutrition. She received her MD from Lausanne School of Medicine in 1989, and her medical PhD from the University of Umeå, Sweden in 1996. She completed her residency in Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine at the Lausanne University Hospital with intermittent fellowships at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden and the Royal North Shore in Sydney, Australia. She trained as a nutritionist in Nancy, France.

Professor Berger has authored over 160 publications about trace elements and nutritional therapy of the critically ill. Her research interests are within clinical nutrition and antioxidant micronutrients in the critically ill, with a special focus on severe burns. She has contributed to the development of the concept of early prevention of the energy debt in acute conditions, promoting the use of computerized information systems to monitor nutritional therapy. The proof of this concept was published in The Lancet. She belongs to ESPEN's critically ill guidelines group. Professor Berger lectures nationally and internationally in antioxidant support, nutrition and burn care.

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