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Editorial introductions

Section Editor(s): Carpentier, Yvon A.; Cynober, Luc A.; Morley, John E.; Cederholm, Tommy; Rooyackers, Olav; Brosnan, John

Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care: January 2014 - Volume 17 - Issue 1 - p v–viii
doi: 10.1097/MCO.0000000000000017
Editorial introductions

Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care was launched in 1998. It is one of a successful series of review journals whose unique format is designed to provide a systematic and critical assessment of the literature as presented in the many primary journals. The fields of clinical nutrition and metabolic care are divided into 15 sections that are reviewed once a year. Each section is assigned a Section Editor, a leading authority in the area, who identifies the most important topics at that time. Here we are pleased to introduce the Editors and the Section Editors for this issue.

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Yvon A. Carpentier

Yvon A. Carpentier completed medical school and a residency in surgery at the Free University of Brussels (ULB), Belgium. After a short training in Stockholm (Professor Arvid Wretlind) and Montpellier (Professor C. Solassol and H. Joyeux), he initiated nutritional support in Belgium in 1973. He benefited from post-doctoral Fulright and NATO fellowships to undergo research in lipid metabolism at the Rockfeller University (Professor J. Hirsch) and in surgical metabolism at Columbia University (Professor J.M. Kinney), New York City in 1977–1978. After returning to Brussels, he became director of the L. Deloyers Laboratory for Experimental Surgery, Free University of Brussels (ULB) and he is currently director of the Lipid Clinic, Cardio-vascular Center, Hôpital Erasme. He is professor of pathological biochemistry and of nutrition at the ULB.

Yvon A. Carpentier was among the founders of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ESPEN) in 1979 and chairman of ESPEN (1994–1998). He is currently president of the International Confederation of Nutrition Support Organizations (ICNSO). His main research interest is in lipid metabolism and its relationship to cardio-vascular diseases and in the development of new lipid preparations. He has published over 200 papers in this field.

Yvon A. Carpentier has served as visiting professor and lecturer in Europe, the USA, Latin America, Asia and Israel. He has delivered over 250 invited and guest lectures. He is serving in the National Council of Nutrition (Belgium).

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Luc A. Cynober

Luc A. Cynober, PhD, Pharm.D is head of the Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Hôtel-Dieu and Cochin Hospitals, Paris, and is Professor of Nutrition and Head of the Department of Experimental, Metabolic and Clinical Biology at the Faculty of Pharmacy, University Paris Descartes, France. Dr Cynober obtained his Pharm.D degree in 1979 from the Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Paris XI. In 1985, he received his PhD in Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences from the same university.

Dr Cynober is a member of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, French Speaking Society of Clinical Biology and French Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, among others. He served from 1992 to 2000 as officer in the executive committee of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, and from 2001 to 2005 as chairman of the French-Speaking Society of Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition. In the years 1987–1992 he served as editor-in-chief of Nutrition Clinique & Métabolisme.

Among other awards, he has received the Pharmacy Academy Award for his PhD thesis and the International Research Award of the French Society of Clinical Biology. Dr Cynober has presented over 100 invited lectures at international and national meetings and over 150 guest lectures at universities and institutes. He has published more that 200 research papers. He is the editor of a book dealing with amino acids metabolism and therapy in clinical nutrition (published by CRC Press). His current major research interests relate to amino acid metabolism and therapy in critical illness and aging.

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John E. Morley

John E. Morley, MB, BCh, is the Dammert Professor of Gerontology and Director of the Division of Geriatric Medicine and Acting Director of the Division of Endocrinology at Saint Louis University Medical Center, USA. He also serves as Medical Director for two nursing homes.

Dr Morley earned a medical degree at the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. After an internal medicine residency in Johannesburg, he completed a fellowship in endocrinology at the University of California, Los Angeles, USA.

He has edited more than 20 books, including Medical Care in the Nursing Home, Geriatric Nutrition, Endocrinology of Aging, and Principles and Practice of Geriatric Medicine. His most recent book, published in 2008, is The Science of Staying Young, which provides information for the general public. He has published more than 1000 papers, with major research emphases on the role of neuropeptides in the modulation of hormonal responses and behavior and on nutrition and hormones in the elderly. He edits the geriatrics section of Cyberounds and serves as Editor of Journal of the American Medical Directors Association. He has been an invited speaker at numerous national and international meetings.

For his work in appetite regulation, Dr Morley received the Mead Johnson Award of the American Institution of Nutrition in 1985. He was named Medical Director of the Year for Life Care Centers of America in 1998. In 1999, he was awarded the IPSEN Foundation Longevity Prize, among the most prestigious European awards for research in gerontology. In 2001, he received the Gayle and Richard Olson Prize for Most Outstanding Behavioral Paper Published the Previous Year in the Journal Peptides and the American Dietetic Association's Circle Award. He was chosen to receive the American Geriatrics Society's Nascher/Manning Award in 2002 for life-long achievement in clinical geriatrics. In 2004, he was awarded the Joseph T. Freeman Award by the Gerontological Society of America for his work in geriatrics research and practice. He was honored in 2005 with the Marsha Goodwin-Beck Interdisciplinary Award for Excellence in Geriatric Leadership by the Department of Veterans Affairs National Leadership Board. In 2011 he was award the James Pattee Award for Educational Excellence from the American Medical Director's Association.

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Tommy Cederholm

Tommy Cederholm became Professor of Clinical Nutrition at Uppsala University in 2005 and is presently head of the Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism Unit. Before he moved to Oppsala he began his career in Internal Medicine and was situated at St. Erik's Hospital for 10 years, as well as Stockholm Soder Hospital for 10 years, and a further 10 years at Huddinge University Hospital, all in Stockholm, Sweden. Since 1995 he has been a senior consultant in Geriatrics, and presently holds a position at the Department of Geriatric Medicine, Uppsala University Hospital.

As early as the 1980s he became interested in the catabolic mechanisms behind depletion in chronic disorders. His dissertation in 1994 at the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm outlined the importance of inflammatory activities in non-malignant cachexia. Since then his research interest has focused on energy, fat and protein interactions with catabolism, inflammation and nutritional status in elderly, chronically ill and demented subjects.

He has produced over 85 peer–review articles, more than 100 international abstracts and supervised a number of PhD students. He serves on the Swedish National Food Administration Expert Council for Food and Health, and was involved with organizing the committee of the 1999 ESPEN Congress in Stockholm. He is also the chairman of SWESPEN and is active in the ESPEN Special Interest Group (SIG) in Geriatric Nutrition.

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Olav Rooyackers

Olav Rooyackers is Associate Professor in experimental anaesthesiology and intensive care at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden. After he received a PhD in Human Biology from the University in Maastricht, Netherlands, he spent two years as a post doctoral fellow in the lab of Sree Nair in at the Endocrine Research Unit at the Mayo Clinic, USA. Following this he worked both as a postdoctoral fellow and non-clinical lecturer with Peter Butler at the University of Edinburgh, UK. About 11 years ago he joined the research groups in ICU and Surgical Metabolism at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden (

Olav's main research interest is the derangements or possible adaptations of metabolism to severe metabolic stress during major surgery and critical illness, and the possible effects of nutrition on this. During his PhD he worked on this subject in animal models although currently only actual patients are studied. A recurring theme of major interest in his research is the contribution of mitochondrial dysfunction to the metabolic problems seen during surgery and critical illness. The research tools used in his research range from molecular and genomics techniques, biochemical analyses in tissues to whole body tracer kinetics. For the methods to measure metabolic fluxes using stable isotope tracers he coordinates a special interest group in tracer methodology in conjunction with ESPEN which organises annual meetings and courses.

Olav is currently a member of the scientific committee of ESPEN and an associate editor for Clinical Nutrition and the ESPEN Journal.

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John Brosnan

John Brosnan is University Research Professor in the Department of Biochemistry, Memorial University of Newfoundland in Canada and an Adjunct Professor of pediatrics (Nutrition) at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, USA. He received his DPhil from Oxford University, UK, working with Sir Hans Krebs, and spent three years as a post-doctoral fellow in the lab of Irving Fritz at the University of Toronto, Canada. He joined Memorial University in 1972.

John has had a long-term interest in amino acid metabolism. His current research interests concern hepatic zonation of metabolism as well as one-carbon metabolism. He has served as President of the Canadian Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. He is currently a member of the editorial board for the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

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