Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care was launched in 1998. It is one of a successful series of review journals whose unique format is designed to provide a systematic and critical assessment of the literature as presented in the many primary journals. The fields of clinical nutrition and metabolic care are divided into 15 sections that are reviewed once a year. Each section is assigned a Section Editor, a leading authority in the area, who identifies the most important topics at that time. Here we are pleased to introduce the Section Editors for this issue.
Yvon A. Carpentier
Yvon A. Carpentier completed medical school and a residency in surgery at the Free University of Brussels (ULB), Belgium. After a short training in Stockholm (Professor Arvid Wretlind) and Montpellier (Professor C. Solassol and H. Joyeux), he initiated nutritional support in Belgium in 1973. He benefited from post-doctoral Fulright and NATO fellowships to undergo research in lipid metabolism at the Rockfeller University (Professor J. Hirsch) and in surgical metabolism at Columbia University (Professor J.M. Kinney), New York City in 1977–1978. After returning to Brussels, he became director of the L. Deloyers Laboratory for Experimental Surgery, Free University of Brussels (ULB) and he is currently director of the Lipid Clinic, Cardio-vascular Center, Hôpital Erasme. He is professor of pathological biochemistry and of nutrition at the ULB.
Yvon A. Carpentier was among the founders of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ESPEN) in 1979 and chairman of ESPEN (1994–1998). He is currently president of the International Confederation of Nutrition Support Organizations (ICNSO). His main research interest is in lipid metabolism and its relationship to cardio-vascular diseases and in the development of new lipid preparations. He has published over 200 papers in this field.
Yvon A. Carpentier has served as visiting professor and lecturer in Europe, the USA, Latin America, Asia and Israel. He has delivered over 250 invited and guest lectures. He is serving in the National Council of Nutrition (Belgium).
Luc A. Cynober, PhD, Pharm.D is head of the Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Hôtel-Dieu and Cochin Hospitals, Paris, and is Professor of Nutrition and Head of the Department of Experimental, Metabolic and Clinical Biology at the Faculty of Pharmacy, University Paris Descartes, France. Dr Cynober obtained his Pharm.D degree in 1979 from the Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Paris XI. In 1985, he received his PhD in Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences from the same university.
Dr Cynober is a member of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, French Speaking Society of Clinical Biology and French Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, among others. He served from 1992 to 2000 as officer in the executive committee of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, and from 2001 to 2005 as chairman of the French-Speaking Society of Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition. In the years 1987–1992 he served as editor-in-chief of Nutrition Clinique & Métabolisme.
Among other awards, he has received the Pharmacy Academy Award for his PhD thesis and the International Research Award of the French Society of Clinical Biology. Dr Cynober has presented over 100 invited lectures at international and national meetings and over 150 guest lectures at universities and institutes. He has published more that 200 research papers. He is the editor of a book dealing with amino acids metabolism and therapy in clinical nutrition (published by CRC Press). His current major research interests relate to amino acid metabolism and therapy in critical illness and aging.
Dr Ronni Chernoff is the Associate Director for Education/Evaluation for the Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center at the John L. McClellan Memorial Veterans Hospital in Little Rock, Arkansas; Director, Arkansas Geriatric Education Center; Professor, Geriatrics, College of Medicine; Professor, Health Education and Health Behavior, College of Public Health; Director of Education in the Donald W. Reynolds Center on Aging at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences in Little Rock, and Director of Education, Arkansas Aging Initiative, a program funded by the Tobacco Commission for the Arkansas Legislature. She has previously held positions at the Cornell Medical Center – New York Hospital, Memorial Sloan– Kettering Cancer Center, and the University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center. She received her BS in Nutrition from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, received a MS and a MEd in Nutrition from Columbia University in New York, and earned her PhD from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.
Dr Chernoff was President of the American Dietetic Association, 1996–1997. She gave the 1994 Lenna Frances Cooper Award, the second highest honor given by The American Dietetic Association. In 2007, she was awarded an ADA Medallion Award for contributions to the profession. She has also served in leadership roles on the boards of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition as well as The Gerontological Society of America.
Dr Chernoff is an alumni-elected Trustee on the Cornell University Board of Trustees, was Chair of the Cornell University Council, is an emeritus member of the Cornell University College of Human Ecology Alumni Association and gave the College of Human Ecology's Dorothy Proud Lecture in 1990 as the 1st alumna to be invited and in 1996 as the 1st Cornell graduate to serve as President of The American Dietetic Association. In 2000 she was elected to the Cornell University President's Council of Cornell Women.
Dr Chernoff is serving a three year term on the CMS Medicare Clinical Advisory Committee. She has edited three books and published 41 abstracts, 44 journal articles, and over 115 other publications, including book chapters, invited reviews, and other articles. Her books include Health Promotion and Disease Prevention in the Elderly, three editions of Geriatric Nutrition: A Health Professional's Handbook, and two editions of Communicating as Professionals. She has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, the Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, Journal of Nutrition for the Elderly, Journal of Nutrition, Aging and Health, The Gerontologist and Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation. She has been an Associate Editor of Nutrition in Clinical Practice, Editor of Clinics in Applied Nutrition, Editor–in–Chief of Perspectives in Applied Nutrition and was a Series Editor for books on clinical nutrition for Chapman and Hall Publishers and for Aspen Publishers.
Tommy Cederholm became Professor of Clinical Nutrition at Uppsala University in 2005 and is presently head of the Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism Unit. Before he moved to Oppsala he began his career in Internal Medicine and was situated at St. Erik's Hospital for 10 years, as well as Stockholm Soder Hospital for 10 years, and a further 10 years at Huddinge University Hospital, all in Stockholm, Sweden. Since 1995 he has been a senior consultant in Geriatrics, and presently holds a position at the Department of Geriatric Medicine, Uppsala University Hospital.
As early as the 1980 s he became interested in the catabolic mechanisms behind depletion in chronic disorders. His dissertation in 1994 at the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm outlined the importance of inflammatory activities in non-malignant cachexia. Since then his research interest has focused on energy, fat and protein interactions with catabolism, inflammation and nutritional status in elderly, chronically ill and demented subjects.
He has produced over 85 peer–review articles, more than 100 international abstracts and supervised a number of PhD students. He serves on the Swedish National Food Administration Expert Council for Food and Health, and was involved with organizing the committee of the 1999 ESPEN Congress in Stockholm. He is also the chairman of SWESPEN and is active in the ESPEN Special Interest Group (SIG) in Geriatric Nutrition.
Olav Rooyackers is Associate Professor in experimental anaesthesiology and intensive care at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden. After he received a PhD in Human Biology from the University in Maastricht, Netherlands, he spent two years as a post doctoral fellow in the lab of Sree Nair in at the Endocrine Research Unit at the Mayo Clinic, USA. Following this he worked both as a postdoctoral fellow and non-clinical lecturer with Peter Butler at the University of Edinburgh, UK. About 11 years ago he joined the research groups in ICU and Surgical Metabolism at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden (http://www.icu-metabolism.se).
Olav's main research interest is the derangements or possible adaptations of metabolism to severe metabolic stress during major surgery and critical illness, and the possible effects of nutrition on this. During his PhD he worked on this subject in animal models although currently only actual patients are studied. A recurring theme of major interest in his research is the contribution of mitochondrial dysfunction to the metabolic problems seen during surgery and critical illness. The research tools used in his research range from molecular and genomics techniques, biochemical analyses in tissues to whole body tracer kinetics. For the methods to measure metabolic fluxes using stable isotope tracers he coordinates a special interest group in tracer methodology in conjunction with ESPEN which organises annual meetings and courses.
Olav is currently a member of the scientific committee of ESPEN and an associate editor for Clinical Nutrition and the ESPEN Journal.
John Brosnan is University Research Professor in the Department of Biochemistry, Memorial University of Newfoundland in Canada and an Adjunct Professor of pediatrics (Nutrition) at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, USA. He received his DPhil from Oxford University, UK, working with Sir Hans Krebs, and spent three years as a post-doctoral fellow in the lab of Irving Fritz at the University of Toronto, Canada. He joined Memorial University in 1972.
John has had a long-term interest in amino acid metabolism. His current research interests concern hepatic zonation of metabolism as well as one-carbon metabolism. He has served as President of the Canadian Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. He is currently a member of the editorial board for the Journal of Biological Chemistry.