Skip Navigation LinksHome > September 2014 - Volume 17 - Issue 5 > Foodomics for healthy nutrition
Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care:
doi: 10.1097/MCO.0000000000000089
ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND ANALYTICAL METHODS: Edited by Dwight E. Matthews and Kristina Norman

Foodomics for healthy nutrition

Bordoni, Alessandra; Capozzi, Francesco

Collapse Box

Abstract

Purpose of review

To understand how the principles of foodomics could improve the assessment of the nutritional status and needs.

Recent findings

The knowledge that metabolic pathways may be altered in individuals with genetic variants in the presence of certain dietary exposures offers great potential for personalized nutrition advice, and epigenetics and nutrigenetics have been used to assess the need and status of specific nutrients. MicroRNAs profiling and genome-wide association studies have also contributed. Since nutritional effects of complex diets emerge only if dietary assessments are validated, nutrimetabolomics offers the validation tools on the basis of food intake biomarkers.

Summary

Apart from the provision, via a high-throughput approach, of objective measurable parameters to be used as biomarkers, a consensus must be reached on the definition of health and wellness. Health (and wellness) can be considered a position having specific coordinates in a multiple-dimension space, and many factors contribute to our movements in this space. Foodomics is the science aiming at studying, through the evaluation of different biomarkers, the entity and the direction of the movements across the healthy or unhealthy space, developing models that are able to explain how food components, food, diet and lifestyle can influence our trajectory toward the healthy condition. Only considering the ‘health space’ as a multidimensional one, we have the possibility of understanding the complex relationship linking nutrition and health, and of reaching healthier conditions by personalized balanced diets in a foodomics vision.

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Login

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.